Health & Diet

Young India, Beware! You Are Under The Radar Of Glaucoma

| March 18 , 2018 , 19:19 IST

On an average, over 70% of the Indians are in a danger of developing glaucoma which often led to losing vision.

Dr Ritika Sachdev, MS, Addl. Director Medical Services, Centre for Sight said, "Awareness should be spread to eliminate blindness caused by glaucoma by encouraging people to get regular eye checks done which also includes optic nerve examination."

According to Dr Sachdev, "It is important to educate people about the disease which has no symptoms but can cause blindness silently by damaging the optic nerve".

"People with a family history of diabetes, hypertension, and poor blood circulation are especially at an elevated risk of getting the condition and hence should visit an ophthalmologist regularly," said Dr Ritika Sachdev.

Dr Ritika Sachdev says that "According to the statistics of WHO, glaucoma is the second largest cause of blindness in the world and fourth largest in India. According to National Health Portal India survey 2017, it is the leading cause of irreversible blindness with estimated cases around 18 lakh".

Prevalence of glaucoma has an average age of over 50 years, but by acquiring western culture and sedentary lifestyle, the average age of glaucoma is getting shorter. Also, it has been observed recently that of the total cases diagnosed with this condition, cases under the age of 35 years are over 70%.

Dr Ritika Sachdev said, "Due to the damage caused silently to the optic nerve carrying information from the eye to the brain, a group of eye disorders may occur known as glaucoma".

"Many people with a history of hypertension have a myth that drinking plenty of water in the morning will also help in reducing the intra-ocular pressure along with certain breathing exercise, "said Dr Sachdev

Further, she says that "this may not be true if you already have been diagnosed with glaucoma, and apparently the condition can worsen. It is thus necessary to consult the ophthalmologist on a regular basis to get the ocular pressure checked, and follow what they prescribe."

If this situation continues, glaucoma will become an epidemic especially in the youth and thus, public awareness is much important. Glaucoma can be prevented by regular checkups, treatment on time and early diagnosis which prove helpful to prevent loss of vision.

Regular changes in the myopic condition of peoples, changes in spectacles or those who have undergone eye surgery are found at a greater risk of developing glaucoma. Hence necessary precautions should be taken to prevent vision loss.